Santa Clarita swimming pool safety

2018| Santa Clarita City Pool Barrier Policy

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santa clarita swimming pool code

2018|Santa Clarita City Pool Barrier and Enclosure Policy

In 2018, the city of Santa Clarita requires a homeowner who wishes to construct or remodel a swimming pool, spa or install a hot tub to protect anyone from drowning or otherwise become injured should they find themselves wandering into the (your) yard which possess a swimming pool, spa or even a pond as described in body water as described below here.  

The ICC (International Code Council) establishes standards for residential code compliance for not only Santa Clarita, Los Angeles County but the entire state of California and even the whole United States.

Each city, county or jurisdiction adopts the ICC and changes it to their specific requirements. These local standards are known as collections and are further known as the CBC (California Building Code), CRC (California Residential Code), CPC and so on. You will find that local jurisdictions will always make the code more stringent but never less stringent.

How Does California Determine the Need for a Barrier System?

Most all jurisdictions throughout California will agree that a swimming pool or spa is classified as having a depth greater than or equal to 18-24″. By the same token, most all jurisdictions will also agree that a body of water such as a a pool or spa requires protection from injury. Listed below here are three different definitions of what a swimming pool, spa or other body of water are, according to it’s author.

Building Code (CBC) Define Swimming Pools?

3109.4.4.1  “SWIMMING POOL or POOL means any structure intended for swimming or recreational bathing that contains water over 18 inches (457 mm) deep. Swimming pool includes in-ground and above-ground structures and includes, but is not limited to, hot tubs, spas, portable spas and non portable wading pools.”

Health and Safety Code 115921

Swimming pool” or “pool” means any structure intended for swimming or recreational bathing that contains water over 18 inches deep. “Swimming pool” includes in-ground and aboveground structures and includes, but is not limited to, hot tubs, spas, portable spas, and nonportable wading pools.”

Los Angeles County Code of Ordinances Title 11. Health And Safety Division 2. General Hazards Chapter 11.51. Barriers For Swimming Pools, Spas And Hot Tubs

11.50.010. Fence or other enclosure—Required when…  

Every person who shall own or be in possession of any premises on which there is situated a swimming pool, fish pond or other outside body of water created by artificial means, designed or used for swimming or other immersion purposes by men, women or children, any portion of which is 24″ deep or more, and the surface area of the water in which does not exceed 10,000 square feet, shall erect and maintain on such lot or premises, and completely surrounding such body of water, lot or premises, a fence, wall or other structure, which fence, wall or other structure complies with the provisions of this chapter.


HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE – HSC

 ARTICLE 2.5. The Swimming Pool Safety Act [115920 – 115929]

California SB 442

California’s SB 442 hasn’t been updated in over 20 years. In the meantime, the leading cause of death and hospitalization in youths up to 19 years  are swimming pool related. Drowning is one of eight leading causes of death in this age group.  California SB 442, the bill is designed to address weaknesses in California’s safety barrier requirements within the (old) Swimming pool safety act. The new version of the bill increases mandatory requirements of drowning prevention features from one to two.

When considering the reasoning behind the need for two devices we must take into account the possibility that if one single device fails, a back up should be in place. In other words, the possibility of having one device fail,  taken off line or removed altogether such as a door or pool alarm,  really does necessitate the need for two separate devices.

The bill adds new requirements to the home inspection process as well, which will inform any new home owners whether or not the swimming pool is in compliance with SB442 – Pool Safety Act.


Santa Clarita’s definition of Swimming Pool BARRIERSanta Clarita swimming Pool code

“BARRIER to provide protection to neighboring properties and the public way, as well as an approved”

What the California Building Code (CBC) Has to Say About Barriers

3109.4.1 Barrier height and clearances The top of the barrier shall be not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade measured on the side of the barrier that faces away from the swimming pool. The vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier shall be not greater than 2 inches (51 mm) measured on the side of the barrier that faces away from the swimming pool. Where the top of the pool structure is above grade, the barrier is authorized to be at ground level or mounted on top of the pool structure, and the vertical clearance between the top of the pool structure and the bottom of the barrier shall be not greater than 4 inches (102 mm).

CITY OF SANTA CLARITA BUILDING & SAFETY DIVISION POLICY FOR BARRIERS AND ENCLOSURES

For this article, the pool, spa, or hot tub (referred to below as “pool”). There are two forms of protection for a home which possess a swimming pool. When the building and safety department issues a building permit for a swimming pool as new or remodeled, the property must possess two forms or protection. Both a barrier system to protect the adjacent properties and public from the swimming pool and an enclosure to protect the homes occupants from the pool.  

According to the Santa Clarita POLICY FOR BARRIERS AND ENCLOSURES FOR RESIDENTIAL (R-3) SWIMMING POOLS, SPAS, AND HOT TUBS

BARRIER REQUIREMENTS

According to the Santa Clarita policy for swimming pool barriers, the pool, spa, or hot tub must be provided with a barrier to separate it from all adjacent properties and/or the public way. Furthermore, the barrier must meet one of the two following requirements:

santa clarita pool barrier height

  1. Barrier Fencing:  The homeowner is required to provide and maintain a barrier between the pool and adjacent properties and public way in accordance with the diagrams provided in this form.
For access gates and the dwelling walls as barriers:
  • The gates and doors must open away from the pool area and shall be self closing and latching with a release
  • The latching mechanism is to be located no less than 54 inches from the ground. If the release is located less than 54” then the release needs to be located on the pools side of the door or gate 3” below the top of the door or gate without any openings greater than ½” within 18” of the release.
When the home is used as a barrier just one of the following need only apply.
  • Doors which lead directly to the yard which possess a swimming pool shall be equipped with door alarms which are listed and labeled in accordance with UL 2017. Door alarms with deactivation switches must have the alarm located no less than 54” from the doors threshold.
  • The swimming pool must possess a power safety cover complying with ASTM’s section 1346 Which tests the following:
    • Testing of the fastening mechanisms for failure after tests were performed
    • Determine if objects are capable of passing through any openings within the top of a cover.
    • Surface Drainage Test to ensure the cover does not hold water
    • Whether a pool cover is capable of holding specified weights such as people and / or first responders
    • More…
  • Doors with direct access to the pool through any wall must be self-closing and self-latching
  • Garage access door which leads to the yard with a pool must be self-closing and self-latching

santa clarita pool barrier requirements

  1. Safety Cover: A pool equipped with a power safety pool cover or a spa equipped with a safety cover complying with ASTM F 1346 need not comply with the above barrier requirements.

Santa Clarita’s definition of ENCLOSURE Per Their policy

“ENCLOSURE to provide protection to the occupants of the home. It is the property owner’s responsibility to maintain these safety features”

California Building Code (CBC) and 2017 California Residential Code (CRC) definition of ENCLOSUREsanta clarita pool barrier code

“ENCLOSURE means a fence, wall or other barrier that isolates a swimming pool from access to the home.”

ENCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS

In accordance with the Santa Clarita Swimming Pool Barrier Policy, the pool, spa, or hot tub must be equipped with a barrier system as required above.  Additionally, the property must also contain no less than two of the following enclosures or drowning preventative features as protection between the occupants of the home and the swimming pool or spa.

3109.4.4.3 Enclosure; required characteristics According to the California Building Code (CBC)

“An enclosure shall have all of the following characteristics:

  1. Any access gates through the enclosure open away from the swimming pool and are self-closing with a self-latching device placed no lower than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the ground.
  2. A minimum height of 60 inches (1524 mm).
  3. A maximum vertical clearance from the ground to the bottom of the enclosure of 2 inches (51 mm).
  4. Gaps or voids, if any, do not allow passage of a sphere equal to or greater than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter.
  5. An outside surface free of protrusions, cavities or other physical characteristics that would serve as handholds or footholds that could enable a child below the age of five years to climb over.”

Santa Clarita SB 442 swimming pool safetyIn accordance with Santa Clarita Swimming Pool Safety Policy, the pool, spa, or hot tub (referred to below as “pool”) shall be equipped with an approved barrier, as required above. Both Santa Clarita and SB 442 require two  drowning prevention safety features to serve as protection between the pool and the occupants of the home.

Listed here, we have both the Santa Clarita Requirements per their policy and the 2018 SB 442 standards.

1) SB 442 (1) An enclosure that meets the requirements of Section 115923 and isolates the swimming pool or spa from the private single-family home.

1) SANTA CLARITA Enclosure Fencing: The pool shall be isolated from access to the home by an approved fence or wall that meets all the requirements for a pool barrier with the exception the fence height to be 60 inches min. and the release mechanisms placed 60 inches min. above the ground; or,

2) SB 442 (2) Removable mesh fencing that meets American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Specifications F2286 standards in conjunction with a gate that is self-closing and self-latching and can accommodate a key lockable device.

2)  SANTA CLARITA Removable Mesh Fencing: The pool shall incorporate removable mesh pool fencing measuring 60 inches in height min. that meets ASTM F 2286 in conjunction with a gate that is self-closing and self-latching and can accommodate a key lockable device; or,

3) SB 442 (3) An approved safety pool cover, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 115921.

3) SANTA CLARITA Safety Cover: The pool shall be equipped with an approved safety pool cover that meets all requirements of ASTM F 1346; or,

4) SB 442 (4) Exit alarms on the private single-family home’s doors that provide direct access to the swimming pool or spa. The exit alarm may cause either an alarm noise or a verbal warning, such as a repeating notification that “the door to the pool is open.”

4) SANTA CLARITA Exit Alarms: Doors providing direct access to the pool from the dwelling shall be equipped with exit alarms; or,

5) SB 442 (5) A self-closing, self-latching device with a release mechanism placed no lower than 54 inches above the floor on the private single-family home’s doors providing direct access to the swimming pool or spa.

5) SANTA CLARITA Self-Closing & Self-Latching Doors: All doors and providing direct access from the home to the pool shall be equipped with a self-closing, self-latching device with a release mechanism placed 54 inches min. above the floor; or,

6) SB 442 (6) An alarm that, when placed in a swimming pool or spa, will sound upon detection of accidental or unauthorized entrance into the water. The alarm shall meet and be independently certified to the ASTM Standard F2208 “Standard Safety Specification for Residential Pool Alarms,” which includes surface motion, pressure, sonar, laser, and infrared type alarms. A swimming protection alarm feature designed for individual use, including an alarm attached to a child that sounds when the child exceeds a certain distance or becomes submerged in water, is not a qualifying drowning prevention safety feature.

6) SANTA CLARITA Pool Alarms: Pool alarms that, when placed in pools, will sound upon detection of accidental or unauthorized entrance into the water. The pool alarms shall meet all requirements of ASTM F 2208; or,

7) SB 442 (7) Other means of protection, if the degree of protection afforded is equal to or greater than that afforded by any of the features set forth above and has been independently verified by an approved testing laboratory as meeting standards for those features established by the ASTM or the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

7) SANTA CLARITA Other Means of Protection: Other means of protection, if the degree of protection afforded is equal to or greater than that afforded by any of the devices set forth above, have been independently verified by an approved testing laboratory, and have been approved by the City Building Official.

(b) Before the issuance of a final approval for the completion of permitted construction or remodeling work, the local building code official shall inspect the drowning safety prevention features required by this section and, if no violations are found, shall give final approval.

Who are exempt from these standards According to the CBC?

3109.4.4.5 Exempt facilities
The requirements of this article shall not apply to any of the following:
  1. Public swimming pools.
  2. Hot tubs or spas with locking safety covers that comply with the American Society for Testing Materials Emergency Performance Specification (ASTM ES13-89).
  3. Any pool within the jurisdiction of any political subdivision that adopts an ordinance for swimming pool safety that includes requirements that are at least as stringent as this division.
  4. An apartment complex or any residential setting other than a single-family home.

swimming pool barrier code santa clarita

Pool Barrier Requirements | According to the 2016 California Building Code

3109.4 Residential swimming pools
Residential swimming pools shall be completely enclosed by a barrier complying with Sections 3109.4.1 through 3109.4.3.

Exception: A swimming pool with a power safety cover or a spa with a safety cover complying with ASTM F1346 need not comply with this section.

3109.4.1 Barrier height and clearances

The top of the barrier shall be not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade measured on the side of the barrier that faces away from the swimming pool. The vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier shall be not greater than 2 inches (51 mm) measured on the side of the barrier that faces away from the swimming pool. Where the top of the pool structure is above grade, the barrier is authorized to be at ground level or mounted on top of the pool structure, and the vertical clearance between the top of the pool structure and the bottom of the barrier shall be not greater than 4 inches (102 mm).

3109.4.1.1 Openings

Openings in the barrier shall not allow passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere.

3109.4.1.2 Solid barrier surfaces

Solid barriers which do not have openings shall not contain indentations or protrusions except for normal construction tolerances and tooled masonry joints.

3109.4.1.3 Closely spaced horizontal members

Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is less than 45 inches (1143 mm), the horizontal members shall be located on the swimming pool side of the fence. Spacing between vertical members shall be not greater than 13/4 inches (44 mm) in width. Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall be not greater than 13/4 inches (44 mm) in width.

3109.4.1.4 Widely spaced horizontal members

Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is 45 inches (1143 mm) or more, spacing between vertical members shall be not greater than 4 inches (102 mm). Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall be not greater than 13/4 inches (44 mm) in width.

3109.4.1.5 Chain link dimensions

Mesh size for chain link fences shall be not greater than a 21/4-inch square (57 mm square) unless the fence is provided with slats fastened at the top or the bottom that reduce the openings to not more than 13/4 inches (44 mm).

3109.4.1.6 Diagonal members

Where the barrier is composed of diagonal members, the opening formed by the diagonal members shall be not greater than 13/4 inches (44 mm).

3109.4.1.7 Gates

Access doors or gates shall comply with the requirements of Sections 3109.4.1.1 through 3109.4.1.6 and shall be equipped to accommodate a locking device. Pedestrian access doors or gates shall open outward away from the pool and shall be self-closing and have a self-latching device. Doors or gates other than pedestrian access doors or gates shall have a self-latching device. Release mechanisms shall be in accordance with Sections 1010.1.9 and 1109.13. Where the release mechanism of the self-latching device is located less than 54 inches (1372 mm) from the bottom of the door or gate, the release mechanism shall be located on the pool side of the door or gate 3 inches (76 mm) or more, below the top of the door or gate, and the door or gate and barrier shall be without openings greater than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) within 18 inches (457 mm) of the release mechanism.

3109.4.1.8 Dwelling wall as a barrier

Where a wall of a dwelling serves as part of the barrier, one of the following shall apply:

  1. Doors with direct access to the pool through that wall shall be equipped with an alarm that produces an audible warning when the door or its screen, if present, are opened. The alarm shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 2017. In dwellings not required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the deactivation switch shall be located 54 inches (1372 mm) or more above the threshold of the door. In dwellings required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the deactivation switch shall be located not higher than 54 inches (1372 mm) and not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the threshold of the door.
  2. The pool shall be equipped with a power safety cover that complies with ASTM F1346.
  3. Other means of protection, such as self-closing doors with self-latching devices, which are approved, shall be accepted so long as the degree of protection afforded is not less than the protection afforded by Item 1 or 2 above.
3109.4.1.9 Pool structure as barrier

Where an above-ground pool structure is used as a barrier or where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, and the means of access is a ladder or steps, then the ladder or steps either shall be capable of being secured, locked or removed to prevent access, or the ladder or steps shall be surrounded by a barrier that meets the requirements of Sections 3109.4.1.1 through 3109.4.1.8. Where the ladder or steps are secured, locked or removed, any opening created shall not allow the passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere.

3109.4.2 Indoor swimming pools

Walls surrounding indoor swimming pools shall not be required to comply with Section 3109.4.1.8.

3109.4.3 Prohibited locations

Barriers shall be located so as to prohibit permanent structures, equipment or similar objects from being used to climb the barriers.

Summary
2018| Santa Clarita City Pool Barrier and Enclosure Policy
Article Name
2018| Santa Clarita City Pool Barrier and Enclosure Policy
Description
This article covers the basics for swimming pool safety in accordance with SB 442.
Author
Publisher Name
Mazza Inspection Group
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